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​​Avoiding Publishing Scams

Learn common publishing scams and rules to keep in mind when evaluating a potential offer.

Scam alert red text

This page contains an overview of common publishing scams and rules to keep in mind when evaluating whether a potential offer is a scam. You can also read a frequently-updated list of publishing scam alerts here.

Online scams against authors are on the rise and becoming increasingly sophisticated. Nearly every day, we hear from authors who have been scammed or would have been had they not first reached out to the Authors Guild to confirm whether an “offer” was real. The problem will only grow with the widespread use of generative AI, which excels at mimicry. Authors, as well as publishers, agents, and filmmakers whose names are used to conduct scams, must remain alert.

The first rule of thumb is that if someone solicits you out of the blue with an offer that seems too good to be true, it probably is.

The Impact of Publishing Scams

Despite our efforts to warn authors and have action taken against scammers, more and more authors are being approached by people claiming to represent agents, publishers, and even prominent film and TV producers. One member recently reported that he had been approached by someone claiming to represent a prominent film director, saying the director was interested in adapting the member’s book. The member paid thousands of dollars in fees to the scammer based on these misrepresentations. We brought this scam to the attention of the director’s attorneys, who have stated that they will be taking action against the perpetrators. In our online forum, other members have described similar approaches being made to them.

Another recent example was a self-published author who was defrauded by someone claiming to be a Hachette employee. This person told the author that an agent had given him a copy of her book. Despite the fact that the author did not actually have an agent, she nonetheless paid this individual more than $14,000 for purported “printing” and other fees. The author even flew from California to Hachette’s New York office to meet with the fraudster. Needless to say, no one at Hachette had heard of her or her book, or the names of the supposed Hachette employees that the scam artist had provided her. We can imagine her distress not only at learning that she had traveled across the country for nothing, but also that she had been deceived and defrauded in such a cruel manner.

We have also heard about an elderly author who was approached by someone claiming to be a senior literary agent at PageTurner Press and Media (which has already been written about at Writer Beware). This supposed agent told the author that Basic Books was interested in acquiring his book and that he would have to make certain advances to PageTurner to get the book published. When PageTurner asked for a final payment of $150,000, someone claiming to be Basic Book’s editorial director called the author to confirm Basic Books’ interest in the book and to convince him that the publisher intended to finalize the agreement. In the end, the author was reportedly defrauded of a total of  $800,000. . We hope that in this case law enforcement will deem the amount of damages sufficient to pursue.

Common Publishing Scams

Common types of scammer outreach include offers to get your book published by a well-known publisher, including a large advance—but then you find out that you must first pay a fee; you pay, and then you never hear from them again. Others make false promises to actively market your book and generate huge sales in exchange for an exorbitant fee. To engender trust, these scammers regularly mimic real companies, editors, and agents, often using names and email addresses that closely resemble a real company’s email to deceptively request manuscripts.

One scam we previously wrote about iwas Silver Ink Literary Agency (also known as Silver Literary Agency and Global Review Press), which pretended to be a literary agency and approached authors claiming that one or more respected publishing house was interested in publishing their book. They would claim that the author would receive a substantial advance from the publisher if they worked with Silver Ink and paid fees for services such as “content evaluation” and “professional review.” Silver Ink even used the Authors Guild’s name and logo on a purported “Letter of Intent” that falsely advised authors that the Guild was interested in acquiring their books for one of our “key publishers,” naming Macmillan, Simon & Schuster, and others.

Our counsel sent a cease and desist letter to Silver Ink in July 2021, and we alerted our members and other authors (as well as the publishers) about the scam. While Silver Ink removed the Guild’s name from its solicitations, it nonetheless continued to fraudulently represent itself as working with major publishers and take money from authors under the same false pretenses. Sadly, Silver Ink was able to defraud a number of elderly and vulnerable authors of their limited incomes. We took this to the FBI and FTC, but the FBI advised us that the more than $120,000 in damages we brought to its attention was still below the U.S. Attorney’s threshold for prosecution in the District of Northern Nevada (where Silver Ink’s stated office was located). After the Guild reached out to Silver Ink and advised the FBI about its operations, Silver Ink took down its website and claims to no longer be doing business.

It is important to view any unsolicited offers to publish or market your books with caution. The Authors Guild has an ongoing list of reported scams below. If you encounter a potential scam that is not listed, please notify us so that we can investigate it. Even simple Google searches will unearth reports of particular scams. 

Is it a Publishing Scam? Rules to Keep in Mind

We continue to push the federal and state governments to take action to protect authors, especially elderly and vulnerable authors, and work with publishers and other entities to keep an eye out for and fight against scammers. At the same time, we want to make sure that authors everywhere are aware of these scams so they can be on the lookout and protect themselves and their loved ones from falling victim to them.

As a reminder, these are some basic principles for recognizing publishing scams that authors should keep in mind:

  1. Legitimate publishers and agents do not charge a fee to review your manuscript. Anyone seeking to collect such a fee is most likely fraudulent. Please note that some legitimate literary magazines or small presses run contests for which they charge a small reading fee, such as $25, but if the contest or its sponsor is unfamiliar to you or the fee seems high, do the appropriate research before submitting your work and the fee.
  2. Traditional publishers will not ask you to pay them up front, so beware of any request for a fee from a publisher—with the exception of hybrid publishers, which do split costs. It is important to do your research on hybrid publishers, however, and make sure you are dealing with a reputable entity, as there are many scammers that bill themselves as hybrid publishers but provide little to no added value while charging excessive fees. Review the IBPA hybrid criteria checklistwhen in doubt.
  3. Credible book publicists and marketers generally are fee-for-service providers, meaning they shouldn’t charge you until after they have performed the work. Some may ask for half their fees up front; if so, make sure you have a carefully worded agreement outlining what tasks they will perform, when the tasks will be completed, and your ability to terminate the agreement should they fail to provide the agreed-upon deliverables. The AG legal team will review the agreement for you if you are a member.
  4. Whether by phone, email, or postal mail, larger traditional publishers and movie studios (and directors) rarely approach authors out of the blue with incredible opportunities. As always, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
  5. Look carefully at the sender’s email address. Some scammers create domain names that resemble those of legitimate publishers. Confirm domain name accuracy by going to the legitimate publisher’s website for comparison; for example, “” is Macmillan’s genuine web address, while “” is a counterfeit.
  6. Investigate all supposed “opportunities” that you may be offered.  Please feel free to email the AG with any questions about such opportunities, as well as posting and asking other authors in our online community; the Writer Beware blog is also a very helpful source of information about organizations and individuals who have defrauded authors.

Writers Beware is an excellent resource for looking into potential scams in the marketplace. If you learn about an effort to defraud authors, please contact the Authors Guild to report it so that we can better protect our members.

Reported Publishing Scams

Click here to read the Authors Guild’s list of reported publishing scams.

We also have a list of publishers that have failed to pay authors on time or in full.